- FROM THE STREETS TO THE
INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE GREECE
HOW TO HAVE YOUR CAKE AND EAT IT TOO
By James Karas
It quickly sought international recognition.
Feelings and tempers rose on both sides of the border and even more so in the Diaspora. A temporary solution was found in April 1993 when the United Nations granted membership the new country on condition that it will be “provisionally referred to for all purposes within the United Nations as ‘the
settlement of the difference that has arisen over the name of the State”. (UN
Security Council Resolution 817 (1993). former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
The first section of the Accord is entitled “FRIENDLY RELATIONS AND CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES”. Considering what happened after the Accord was signed this is ironic to the point of being comical. So much for wishful thinking.
The bizarre part is that the Accord does not mention the name that is acceptable to
Annexed to the Accord is a very short letter from the then Greek Minister of Foreign Affairs Karolos Papoulias which states that “Greece recognizes the party of the second part within its internationally recognized borders, with the provisional name of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, pending settlement of the difference that has arisen over the name of the State.”
Astounding as it may appear, the most crucial part of the Accord and the issue that will dominate relations between the two nations was incorporated by reference to a sloppily drafted letter that solved almost nothing.
Rather than posing positive obligations on FYROM (“You will do or you will not do …”), the woefully worded Accord imposes an obligation on
not to object FYROM’s application to
join international organizations of which is a member. If Greece is a member then FYROM can
only be called FYROM. The clear implication is that if Greece Greece is not a member of that organization,
then FYROM can join as the . Republic
Even worse, the Accord says nothing about FYROM asking nations around the world to recognize as the
We should be clear about one thing: when FYROM signed the Interim Accord, its constitutional name was
Negotiations and meeting followed in an attempt to resolve the name issue but no solution could be found.
In the meantime, FYROM mounted a three-pronged attack on the problem: on the diplomatic front, the international front and the home front.
On the diplomatic front, it approached nations with a request for recognition as the
On the international front it has launched an all-out campaign to convince the world community that it should be recognized as the
On the home front it has mobilized its educational system from kindergarten to university in the teaching about “unlibertaed brothers in
FYROM’s internal and external policies were examined in detail in Macedonianism: FYROM’S Expansionist designs Against
The argument came down to the use of the word
The issue came to a head in April 2008 when FYROM attempted to join NATO. They had a powerful advocate and supporter in President George W. Bush and the FYROM delegation went to the Bucharest Summit assured of success.
While continuing its efforts on the diplomatic, international and home front (including ads in major newspapers and CNN) FYROM has decided to take another approach: an Application to the International Court of Justice for an order forcing
FYROM’s argument is based on the wording of the Interim Accord, which states that
The Application to the International Court of Justice was filed on November 13, 2008 by the
In the meantime, the war of words continues and FYROM continues to identify itself as the